Health & Social Care Tax Rises

From April 2022 the government will introduce a UK-wide 1.25% Health and Social Care Levy, based on national insurance contributions (NIC) ringfenced to fund the investment in health and social care.

The levy will apply to the same population and income as class 1 (employee, employer) and class 4 (self-employed, including partners) NIC, and to the main and higher rates.

From April 2023 onwards, the levy will also apply to those above state pension age who are still in employment.

The increase will not apply to class 2 NIC (the flat rate paid by the self-employed with profits above the small profits threshold, which is currently £6,515 per year) or class 3 NIC (voluntary contributions for taxpayers to fill in gaps in their contributions’ records to qualify for benefits). So, the lowest paid self-employed and people making voluntary contributions will be protected.

Employers will pay the levy for employees earning above the secondary threshold of £8,840 in 2021/22. Existing NIC reliefs to support employers will apply to the levy.

The levy will be administered by HMRC and collected by the current channels for NIC: pay as you earn and income tax self-assessment.

Additional rate taxpayers make up just 2% of individuals affected but will contribute nearly 20% of the revenue raised from individuals. The highest earning 14% will pay around half the revenues.

Dividend tax increase

Alongside the Health and Social Care Levy, the government has announced that, from 1 April 2022, there will also be a 1.25% increase in dividend tax rates: 

  • for a basic rate taxpayer, the rate will increase from 7.5% to 8.75%
  • for a higher rate taxpayer, the rate will increase from 32.5% to 33.75%
  • for an additional rate taxpayer, the rate will increase from 38.1% to 39.35%.

The £2,000 dividend allowance will remain.

Dividend tax is charged on taxable dividend income an individual receives that falls outside of the personal allowance (£12,570 in 2021/22) and the dividend allowance (£2,000 in 2021/22). Taxable dividend income excludes, for example, dividends on assets held in ISAs.

Affected basic rate taxpayers are expected to pay, on average, an additional £150 on their dividend income in 2022/23. Affected higher rate taxpayers are expected to pay, on average, an additional £403 on their dividend income in 2022/23. Additional and higher rate taxpayers are expected to contribute over 70% of the revenue from this increase in 2022/23.

Import VAT

In the event of a no-deal Brexit then there will be changes to the treatment of import VAT.

If your business is registered for VAT in the UK you will be able to account for import VAT on your VAT return. This means you will pay import VAT on your VAT return instead of when the goods arrive at the UK border.

You will need an Economic Operator Registration and Identification (EORI) number when the goods are imported to the UK